Trade between developing countries – so-called ‘South-South’ trade in merchandise exports has now reached a record $4.7 trillion (in current prices) in 2012. This is a highlight of the fact that total world merchandise exports have more than tripled over the last 20 years to reach $18 trillion. These figures have recently been published by UNCTAD in its Handbook of … Continue reading

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Chinese manufacturing continues to contract

It is now 11 months in a row that China has seen a contraction in this major sector. The Flash China manufacturing purchasing managers’ index (PMI) produced by the bank HSBC, and eagerly awaited in economic circles, shows that the nine-month low of 47.6 in August, reached 47.8 mid way through September. The cause for concern is that any figure … Continue reading

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China’s April trade surplus will cause problems with the US

China recorded a trade surplus of $11.4bn or £7bn in April. This was from a surplus of only $140m in March but was about four times greater than analysts had been expecting. Why does this pose a problem for the US? It is because many Americans believe that the Chinese currency, the yuan, is undervalued. An undervalued currency means that … Continue reading

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China raises interest rates, MPC divided.

China has announced its first rise in interest rates for three years. According to the People’s Bank of China, its one-year lending rate goes up from 5.31% to 5.6% and its one-year deposit rate also rises from 2.25% to 2.5%. Why has China done this? In recent years double-digit rates of economic growth have become familiar in the country. In … Continue reading

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International Monetary Fund powerless to act

The word ‘war’ has been on the lips of international negotiators in recent months. This is nothing to do with Afghanistan or Iraq, but is just as significant. This is about the possibility of a global currency war. There are imbalances in the global economy which were at the heart of the recent collapse of the world economy. What are … Continue reading

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China back to double-digit growth

The Chinese economy grew by 10.7% year-on-year in the final quarter of 2009. This was the fastest growth for two years and meant that there was a growth in output for 2009 as a whole of 8.7%. The official growth target had been 8.0%.   Gross Domestic Product totalled £3,020 billion in 2009 which put China’s output just below the … Continue reading

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Asia to lead the world economy back into growth

Developing Asia, which excludes Japan, Australia and New Zealand, is set to expand growth by 3.9% in 2009 and 6.4% in 2010, according to the Asian Development Bank (ADB). These growth figures have been raised from the forecast last March of 3.4% and 6.0% respectively.   “Despite worsening conditions in the global economic environment, developing Asia is poised to lead … Continue reading

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UK lagging in terms of economic recovery

The good news according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is that the global economy is now expected to recover earlier than previously forecast. The bad news is that the UK is not going to be part of it.   In fact the OECD now believes that the UK economy will shrink by 4.7% in 2009, which … Continue reading

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The crash of falling China

China, which is now the world’s third largest economy, saw its exports drop by 25.7% in February compared to a year earlier. Imports also fell by 24.1%. This meant that the country’s trade surplus fell from $39.1 billion in January to $4.8bn last month.   China is very dependent on its manufactured exports, and the sudden global recession has seen … Continue reading

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