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Surge in the use of renewable energy in the EU

Between 1999 and 2009 the share of renewable energy in the EU27 rose from 5% of total gross inland energy consumption in 1999 to 9% in 2009. Renewable energy comprises hydro, wind, biomass, geothermal and solar energy.

Almost one-tenth of EU energy supply now comes from renewable sources.

All Member States showed increases in the share of renewable energy over this period but the largest increases were in Denmark (from 8% to 17%), Sweden (from 27% to 34%), Germany (from 2% to 8%), Portugal (from 13% to 19%), Slovakia (from 3% to 7%), Austria (from 23% to 27%), Latvia (from 32% to 36%), Slovenia (from 9% to 13%) and Hungary (from 3% to 7%).

Renewable energy is the main source of energy in Latvia and comes mainly from hydro-electric power. However, the EU is still very dependent on oil, which remained the main source of energy in the EU27, with a share of 37% in the total gross inland energy consumption between 1999 and 2009. The share of gas rose over this period from 22% to 24%, while nuclear energy remained virtually stable at 14%, and oil fell from 39% to 37% and solid fuels from 18% to 16%.

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Posted in Energy supply and security

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